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Color is a perception of the light spectrum in our eye. Color spaces define conversions between tuples of values of color and the color itself.

Color is usually represented in the RGB color model, where each color is assigned a triplet of the amount of red, green and blue in it. In computers, it is typical to represent each component value in bits, specifically 8 bits (1 byte) which result in a 24-bit representation of a color (aka Truecolor, see color depth). With this model, there are 224 possible colors represented, with each component/channel (red, green or blue) in the range 0 (none) to 255 (highest).

These are the endpoints for this representation (in red, green, blue components):

  • Red (255, 0, 0)
  • Green (0, 255, 0)
  • Blue (0, 0, 255)
  • Black (0, 0, 0)
  • White (255, 255, 255)
  • Yellow (255, 255, 0) [red + green]
  • Cyan (0, 255, 255) [green + blue]
  • Magenta (255, 0, 255) [red + blue]

Other than RGB, there are some other representations:

32-bit graphic mode
Adds extra 8 bits for easier processing of hardware.
32-bit ARGB
Adds an extra alpha channel for transparency. 0 is a transparent color, while 255 is an opaque color.

Color namesEdit

Color names define English words that can be used to define a color, in RGB.

Standard color namesEdit

The following lists color names with the red, green, and blue (RGB) coomponents, its hue, saturation, and luminosity (HSL) components, and a close color to that color.

Name Value Alpha
Transparent   00
Name Value Red Green Blue Hue Saturation Luminosity Close color
    -1 -1 -1 0 0 0  
~ ~ 256 256 256 360 101 101 ~
AliceBlue   F0 F8 FF 208° 100% 97.1% White
AntiqueWhite   FA EB D7 34.3° 77.8% 91.2% White
Aqua   00 FF FF 180° 100% 50% Cyan
Aquamarine   7F FF D4 159.8° 100% 74.9% Cyan
Azure   F0 FF FF 180° 100% 97.1% White
Beige   F5 F5 DC 60° 55.6% 91.2% White
Bisque   FF E4 C4 32.5° 100% 88.4% Orange
Black   00 00 00 0% 0% Black
BlanchedAlmond   FF EB CD 36° 100% 90.2% Orange
Blue   00 00 FF 240° 100% 50% Blue
BlueViolet   8A 2B E2 271.1° 75.9% 52.7% Purple
Brown   A5 2A 2A 59.4% 40.6% Red
BurlyWood   DE B8 87 33.8° 56.9% 70% Orange
CadetBlue   5F 9E A0 181.8° 25.5% 50% Blue
Chartreuse   7F FF 00 90.1° 100% 50% Green
Chocolate   D2 69 1E 25° 75% 47.1% Orange
Coral   FF 7F 50 16.1° 100% 65.7% Orange
CornflowerBlue   64 95 ED 218.5° 79.2% 66.1% Blue
Cornsilk   FF F8 DC 48° 100% 93.1% Orange
Crimson   DC 14 3C 348° 83.3% 47.1% Red
Cyan   00 FF FF 180° 100% 50% Cyan
DarkBlue   00 00 8B 240° 100% 27.3% Blue
DarkCyan   00 8B 8B 180° 100% 27.3% Cyan
DarkGoldenrod   B8 86 0B 42.7° 88.7% 38.2% Orange
DarkGray   A9 A9 A9 0% 66.3% Gray
DarkGrey   A9 A9 A9 0% 66.3% Gray
DarkGreen   00 64 00 120° 100% 19.6% Green
DarkKhaki   BD B7 6B 55.6° 38.3% 58% Yellow
DarkMagenta   8B 00 8B 300° 100% 27.3% Purple
DarkOliveGreen   55 6B 2F 82° 39% 30.2% Green
DarkOrange   FF 8C 00 32.9° 100% 50% Orange
DarkOrchid   99 32 CC 280.1° 60.6% 49.8% Purple
DarkRed   8B 00 00 100% 27.3% Red
DarkSalmon   E9 96 7A 15.1° 71.6% 69.6% Red
DarkSeaGreen   8F BC 8F 120° 25.1% 64.9% Green
DarkSlateBlue   48 3D 8B 248.5° 39% 39.2% Blue
DarkSlateGray   2F 4F 4F 180° 25.4% 24.7% Black
DarkSlateGrey   2F 4F 4F 180° 25.4% 24.7% Black
DarkTurquoise   00 CE D1 180.9° 100% 41% Cyan
DarkViolet   94 00 D3 282.1° 100% 41.4% Purple
DeepPink   FF 14 93 327.6° 100% 53.9% Purple
DeepSkyBlue   00 BF FF 195.1° 100% 50% Cyan
DimGray   69 69 69 0% 41.2% Gray
DimGrey   69 69 69 0% 41.2% Gray
DodgerBlue   1E 90 FF 209.6° 100% 55.9% Blue
FireBrick   B2 22 22 67.9% 41.6% Red
FloralWhite   FF FA F0 40° 100% 97.1% White
ForestGreen   22 8B 22 120° 60.7% 33.9% Green
Fuchsia   FF 00 FF 300° 100% 50% Purple
Gainsboro   DC DC DC 0% 86.3% Gray
GhostWhite   F8 F8 FF 240° 100% 98.6% White
Gold   FF D7 00 50.6° 100% 50% Yellow
Goldenrod   DA A5 20 42.9° 74.4% 49% Orange
Gray   80 80 80 0% 50.2% Gray
Grey   80 80 80 0% 50.2% Gray
Green   00 80 00 120° 100% 25.1% Green
GreenYellow   AD FF 2F 83.7° 100% 59.2% Green
Honeydew   F0 FF F0 120° 100% 97.1% White
HotPink   FF 69 B4 330° 100% 70.6% Purple
IndianRed   CD 5C 5C 53.1% 58.2% Red
Indigo   4B 00 82 274.6° 100% 25.5% Purple
Ivory   FF FF F0 60° 100% 97.1% White
Khaki   F0 E6 8C 54° 76.9% 74.5% Yellow
Lavender   E6 E6 FA 240° 66.7% 94.1% Purple
LavenderBlush   FF F0 F5 340° 100% 97.1% White
LawnGreen   7C FC 00 90.5° 100% 49.4% Green
LemonChiffon   FF FA CD 54° 100% 90.2% Yellow
LightBlue   AD D8 E6 194.7° 53.3% 79% Blue
LightCoral   F0 80 80 78.9% 72.2% Red
LightCyan   E0 FF FF 180° 100% 93.9% Cyan
LightGoldenrodYellow   FA FA D2 60° 80% 90.2% Yellow
LightGreen   90 EE 90 120° 73.4% 74.9% Green
LightGray   D3 D3 D3 0% 82.7% Gray
LightGrey   D3 D3 D3 0% 82.7% Gray
LightPink   FF B6 C1 351° 100% 85.7% Red
LightSalmon   FF A0 7A 17.1° 100% 73.9% Red
LightSeaGreen   20 B2 AA 176.7° 69.5% 41.2% Cyan
LightSkyBlue   87 CE FA 203° 92% 75.5% Blue
LightSlateGray   77 88 99 210° 14.3% 53.3% Gray
LightSlateGrey   77 88 99 210° 14.3% 53.3% Gray
LightSteelBlue   B0 C4 DE 213.9° 41.1% 78% Blue
LightYellow   FF FF E0 60° 100% 93.9% Yellow
Lime   00 FF 00 120° 100% 50% Green
LimeGreem   3D CD 32 115.7° 60.8% 50% Green
Linen   FA F0 E6 30° 66.7% 94.1% White
Magenta   FF 00 FF 300° 100% 50% Purple
Maroon   80 00 00 100% 25.1% Red
MediumAquamarine   66 CD AA 159.6° 50.7% 60.2% Cyan
MediumBlue   00 00 CD 240° 100% 40.2% Blue
MediumOrchid   BA 55 D3 288.1° 58.9% 58% Purple
MediumPurple   93 70 DB 259.6° 59.8% 64.9% Purple
MediumSeaGreen   3C B3 71 146.7° 49.8% 46.9% Cyan
MediumSlateBlue   7B 68 EE 248.5° 79.8% 67.1% Blue
MediumSpringGreen   00 FA 9A 157° 100% 49% Green
MediumTurquoise   48 D1 CC 177.8° 59.8% 55.1% Cyan
MediumVioletRed   C7 15 85 322.2° 80.9% 43.1% Red
MidnightBlue   19 19 70 240° 63.5% 26.9% Blue
MintCream   F5 FF FA 150° 100% 98% White
MistyRose   FF E4 E1 100% 94.1% White
Moccasin   FF E4 B5 38.1° 100% 85.5% Yellow
NavajoWhite   FF DE AD 35.9° 100% 83.9% Orange
Navy   00 00 80 240° 100% 25.1% Blue
OldLace   FD F5 E6 39.1° 85.2% 94.7% White
Olive   80 80 00 60° 100% 25.1% Yellow
OliveDrab   6B 8E 23 79.6° 60.5% 34.7% Green
Orange   FF A5 00 38.8° 100% 50% Orange
OrangeRed   FF 45 00 16.2° 100% 50% Red
Orchid   DA 70 D6 302.3° 58.9% 64.7% Purple
PaleGoldenrod   EE E8 AA 54.7° 66.7% 80% Yellow
PaleGreen   98 FB 98 120° 92.5% 79% Green
PaleTurquiose   AF EE EE 180° 64.9% 81% Cyan
PaleVioletRed   DB 70 93 340.4° 59.8% 64.9% Red
PapayaWhip   FF EF D5 37.1° 100% 91.8% Yellow
PeachPuff   FF DA B9 28.3° 100% 86.3% Yellow
Peru   CD 85 3F 29.6° 58.7% 52.5% Orange
Pink   FF C0 CB 349.5° 100% 87.6% Red
Plum   DD A0 DD 300° 47.3% 74.7% Purple
PowderBlue   B0 E0 E6 186.7° 51.9% 79.6% Blue
Purple   80 00 80 300° 100% 25.1% Purple
Red   FF 00 00 100% 50% Red
RosyBrown   BC 8F 8F 25.1% 64.9% Red
RoyalBlue   41 69 E1 225° 72.7% 56.9% Blue
SaddleBrown   8B 45 13 25° 75.9% 31% Orange
Salmon   FA 80 72 6.2° 93.2% 71.4% Red
SandyBrown   F4 A4 60 27.6° 87.1% 66.7% Orange
SeaGreen   2E 8B 57 146.5° 50.3% 36.3% Green
Seashell   FF F5 EE 24.7° 100% 96.7% Seashell
Sienna   A0 52 2D 19.3° 56.1% 40.2% Red
Silver   C0 C0 C0 0% 75.3% Gray
SkyBlue   87 CE EB 197.4° 71.4% 72.5% Blue
SlateBlue   6A 5A CD 248.3° 53.5% 57.8% Blue
SlateGray   70 80 90 210° 12.6% 50.2% Gray
SlateGrey   70 80 90 210° 12.6% 50.2% Gray
Snow   FF FA FA 100% 99% White
SpringGreen   00 FF 7F 149.9° 100% 50% Green
SteelBlue   46 82 B4 207.3° 44% 49% Blue
Tan   D2 B4 8C 34.3° 43.8% 68.6% Orange
Teal   00 80 80 180° 100% 25.1% Cyan
Thistle   D8 BF D8 300° 24.3% 79.8% Purple
Tomato   FF 63 47 9.1° 100% 63.9% Red
Turquoise   40 E0 D0 174° 72.1% 56.5% Cyan
Violet   EE 82 EE 300° 76.1% 72.2% Purple
White   FF FF FF 0% 100% White
WhiteSmoke   F5 F5 F5 0% 96.1% White
Yellow   FF FF 00 60° 100% 50% Yellow
YellowGreen   9A CD 32 79.7° 60.8% 50% Green

See alsoEdit

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